Masu form Japanese – masu, masen, mashita, mashendeshita, masuka | Particle – ni, kara, made, to, ne | PlainJapanese Lesson 33

Masu form Japanese – masu, masen, mashita, mashendeshita, masuka | Particle – ni, kara, made, to, ne | PlainJapanese Lesson 33

Today we learned: Masu form Japanese | Particle ni, kara, made, to, ne

Masu form – masu, masen, mashita, mashendeshita, masuka – a??a?�a�?a??a?�a��a�?a??a?�a?Ya�?a??a?�a��a?�a?�a?Ya�?a??a?�a?�

Particle – ni, kara, made, to, ne – a?�a�?a?�a��a�?a??a?�a�?a??a�?a?�


a?�a?�a?� Today’s Plain Japanese Lesson Quick Summary a?�a?�a?�

Masu Form | Particle ni, kara, made, to, ne | Lesson 33

Masu form (polite form) of verbs

Japanese has two tenses: non-past (present/future) and past

masu a??a?� non-past, affirmative
masen a??a?�a�� non-past, negative
mashita a??a?�a?Y past, negative
masendeshita a??a?�a��a?�a?�a?Y past, negative
masuka a??a?�a?� non-past, interrogative

Particle
ni a?� — Noun(time) a?� Verb
kara a?�a��, made a??a?�— Noun1 a?�a�� Noun2 a??a?�
to a?? — Noun1 a?? Noun2
ne a?�


Masu Form

Masu form of verbs, also calledA�politeA�form of verbs

Masu form of verbs always end with Masu andA�showsA�politenessA�toward the listener.
Japanese has 2 verb tenses, past and non-past.
Non-past indicates both presentA�and future.
and past indicates past.
Masu form verbs are used whenA�a sentence expresses something habitual or a truth.
It is also used when a sentence expresses a behavior or event that will occur in the future.
The table shows both past and non-past verbs.
masu is the non-past tense affirmative form,
masenA�is the non-past tense negative form,
masitaA�is the past tense affirmative form,
masendeshitaA�is the past tense negative form,

 

 

Masu form Japanese | Particle ni, kara, made, to, ne

Interrogative Masu/a??a?� Form

When we ask something using the masu form verb, it is very easy, you can just add a?� at the end of the sentence without changing the word order.

 

 

The particle a?�

The particle a?�A�isA�appendedA�to a noun indicatingA�time to indicate the time of occurrence of an action

Particle ni/a?� is not used with the following kinds of noun expressing time:

today a??a��a?� kyou
tomorrow a?�a?�a?Y ashita
the day after tomorrow a?�a?�a??a?� asatte
yesterday a??a?�a?� kinou
the day before yesterday a?Sa??a??a?� ototoi
this morning a?�a?� kesa
tonight a?�a��a?�a�� konban
now a?�a?? ima
every morning a??a?�a?�a?� maiasa
every nighgt a??a?�a?�a�� maiban
every day a??a?�a?�a?? mainichi
last week a?�a��a?�a��a?� sennsyuu
this week a?�a��a?�a��a?� konnsyuu
next week a��a?�a?�a��a?� raishuu
when a?�a?� itsu
last month a?�a��a?�a?� sengetsu
this month a?�a��a?�a?� kongetsu
next month a��a?�a?�a?� raigetsu
this year a?�a??a?� kotoshi
next year a��a?�a?�a�� rainen
last year a??a��a?�a�� kyonen

With these nounsA�the use of a?� is optionalA�

 

 

 

 

 

N1a?�a��N2a??a?�

  • The particle a?�a��indicates a starting time or place, and a??a?� indicates a finishing time or place
  • a?�a��anda??a?� are not always used together.
  • The particles a?�a�� and a??a?� can be used with a?�a?� attached

 

N1a??N2

The particle a?? connects two nouns, so a?? means ‘and’ in English.

 

 

 

The Japanese sentence ending particle a?�

The Japanese sentence ending particle a?� is attached to the end of a sentence and is used to elicit agreement from the listener,A�check that the listener has understood, or emphasize something to the listener.

 


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Masu Form | Particle ni, kara, made, to, ne | Lesson 33

Masu form (polite form) of verbs

Japanese has two tenses: non-past (present/future) and past

masu a??a?� non-past, affirmative
masen a??a?�a�� non-past, negative
mashita a??a?�a?Y past, negative
masendeshita a??a?�a��a?�a?�a?Y past, negative
masuka a??a?�a?� non-past, interrogative

Particle
ni a?� — Noun(time) a?� Verb
kara a?�a�� —Noun1 a?�a�� Noun2 a??a?�
made a??a?�
to a?? — Noun1 a?? Noun2
ne a?� —

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