Japanese Verb Groups: U-verbs, Ru-verbs, Irregular verbs | Lesson 36

Japanese Verb Groups: U-verbs, Ru-verbs, Irregular verbs | Lesson 36

Japanese Verb Groups: U-verbs, Ru-verbs, Irregular verbs

 

 

 

 

a?�a?�a?� Today’s Plain Japanese Lesson Quick Summary a?�a?�a?�

Today’s

a??a?�form

a??a?�form
(Polite, present affirmative) Dictionary Form
(Casual/Plain, present affiramtive)
e?Ya??a??a?� e?Ya??a��
e??a??a??a?� e??a??
e?�a??a??a?� e?�a��

U-verbs
Group1
Godan-doushi in Japanese
i?� Non-ending ru verbs
i?� End with aru, uru, oru
i?� Exceptions (end with iru, eru)

Ru-verbs
Group2
Ichidan-doushi
i?� End with iru, eru (there are some exceptions)

Irregular verbs
Group3
Fukisoku-doushi
i?� Only 2 verbs
a?�a�� Suru To do
a??a��i?????a��i?� Kuru To come

 

How I explained today

First of all, there are 2 forms of Japanese verbs.

a??a?� form and dictionary form

a??a?� form is polite, affirmative, and present tense.

for example,

e?Ya??a??a?� to eat
e??a??a??a?� to go
e?�a??a??a?� to read

The dictionary form is used in the dictionary. It is casual and present affirmative.

For example

e?Ya??a��
e??a??
e?�a��

Today we use the dictionary form because ita��s easy to determine the verb groups.

there are 3 Japanese verb groups

u verbs, ru verbs and irregular verbs
UI�. Verbs end with uI�. They are also called group 1 or g
a?�?��a��e�z in Japanese
Ru verbs end with ru. They are also called group 2 or 1c��a??a?�
And the last one
irregular verbs are also called group 3 or fukisoku doushi in Japanese.

Let’s see how to identify them.

Irregular verbs

there are only 2 verbs in this group.
These verbs dona��t follow any rules so you can simply memorize,

a?�a�� to do
a??a�� to come

a?�a��,
can combine with an action noun and become compound verbs

For example, a?�a??a?�a��a?�a��a��a��a��a��a��
Which means is to marry
a��a?�a?�a��

a�� verbs

these verbs end with ia��a�?ea��

The last one is the biggest group
u verbs

 

if the verbs do not end with a��, they are u verbs
also aru uru oru ending verbs are u verbs

For example

verbs which end with iru or eru are ru verbs but there are some exceptions which are actually u verbs

For example

This flow chart indicates how to determine the verb groups

First, you make a dictionary form of the verb,

then if the verb Is suru or kuru, it is aI�n irregular verb

if it is not suru or kuru, next you check if it ends with ru or not,

if it does not end with ru , it is an u verb.

if it ends with ru, next you check if it actually ends with iru or eru.

if it does not end with iru or eru, it is an u verb

if it ends with iru or eru,

You can check if it is in the list of the exceptional uI� verbs.

If it is not exception, it is ru. Verb,

There are more u verbs which are not in the list but for the beginner and intermediate levels, these should be enough

 


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