Japanese Grammar Particle Lesson: Noun(Place) He a?? ikimasu kimasu kaerimasu | Interrogative + Mo a�� | Nia?�

Japanese Grammar Particle Lesson: Noun(Place) He a?? ikimasu kimasu kaerimasu | Interrogative + Mo a�� | Nia?�


 

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Japanese Grammar Particle Lesson: Noun(Place) He a?? ikimasu kimasu kaerimasu

 

The particle a?? is pronounced a??a��

When a verb indicates movement to a certain place, the particle a?? is put after the place noun to show the direction of the move
e??a?? means go
???a�� means come
a?�a�� means go home
so
a?�e??a??a?�a??a??a?� means I’m going toA�Kyoto
?�???�a??a??a??a?�a?Y means I came toA�Japan
a?�a?? means home so
a?�a??a??a?�a�Sa??a?� meansA�I’mA�going home
When you move to a place where the hearer is, you say,A�I’mA�coming, in English. However, in the same situation c�?a??a?�a??a??a?� is used inA�Japanese. a??a�� is a movement toward the place where the speaker is, while e??a?? is a movement in a direction away from the speaker.
These e??a??a??a?�a�????a??a?�A�can be confusing so
I will explain them with illustrationsA�to make them easier to understand.

 


 

Youtube Lesson

https://youtu.be/ein1HKqZ8Dw

 


Japanese Grammar Particle Lesson: Place He a?? ikimasu kimasu kaerimasu | Interrogative + Mo a�� | Nia?�

Noun a?? a?�a??a??a?�

In this case, MrA�TanakaA�is going toA�the US.
So Mr.A�TanakaA�would say c�?a??a�?a??a??a��a??e??a??a??a?�a��or just a�?a??a??a��a??e??a??a??a?�a��


a?�a?�a??a?�a??a??a?�a?�: where are you going?

In this picture,A�Mr.A�SuzukiA�wants to know whereA�Mr.A�TanakaA�is going.
In this case,A�Mr.A�SuzukiA�would ask, a?�a?�a??a?�a??a??a?�a?� toA�Mr.A�Tanaka
If he goes toA�the US, he would say a�?a??a??a��a??e??a??a??a?�a�� as we just learned.

a?�a?�a??a��a?�a??a??a?�a�� this means I’m not going anywhere

when you want to deny everything covered by an interrogative, you attach the particle a��
to the interrogative and put the verbA�in itsA�negative form.
so whenA�Mr.A�SuzukiA�asks a?�a?�a??a?�a??a??a?�a?� where are you going
thenA�Mr.A�TanakaA�could answer
a?�a?�a??a��a?�a??a??a?�a��a��i’m not going anywhere
You can also say a?�a?�a��a?�a??a??a?�a��

A�

regarding the particle a��

I just wanted to add a few more examples of this sentence structure.
question word plus the particle a�� plus negative form of theA�verb
a?�a?�a�� means nowhere
a??a?�a�� means nothing
a?�a�?a�� means no one
When they are used in a negative sentence.
a?�a?�(a??)a��e??a??a??a?�a��= I’m not going anywhere
a??a?�a��a?Ya??a??a?�a��= I’m not going to eat anything
a?�a�?a��a??a??a?�a��a?�a?�a?Ya��= Nobody came

Noun a??a??a??a?�

in this picture,
MrA�tanakaA�is going to the us
and Mike is in the US.
so mike would say a?Ya??a?�a?�a��a??a�?a??a??a��a?????a??a?�
because a??a�� is a movement toward the place where the speaker is.
in thisA�caseA�mike is a speaker
so he uses a??a??a?�

Non-past tense(future) | e??a??a??a?�a?�???a??a?�

From hereA�IA�would like to explainA�how to use a?�a??a??a?� and a??a??a?� with tenses.
So the first one is the non-past tense, future
in thisA�situation, Today isA�Sunday, April 15th
Mr.A�TanakaA�and mike are talking about tomorrow
Mr. Tanaka is asking, are you coming to Japan tomorrow?
a?�a?�a?Ya�?a?�a?�a��a??a??a??a?�a?�i?Y
as I said, a??a�� is a movement toward the place where the speaker is, so he usesa??a��
then mike answers, yes, I’mA�coming to Japan tomorrow.
a??a?�a�??�???�a??e??a??a??a?�a��
a?�a??is a movement in a direction away from the speaker, so he uses e??a??

 


Non-past tense(present) | e??a??a??a?�a?�???a??a?�

In this picture,A�the next day, the day Mike leaves theA�USA�
it’sA�Monday,A�AprilA�16th. a?�a?�?�?a??i?�???i?�i?�?�?????�??�?
in this case, they are talking about today.
As iI� explained briefly beforeA�about Japanese verbA�tenses,A�there are only two divisions of time; past and non-past (which includes present tense and future tense)A�
Present and future verb tenses are the same. So we can use the same sentencesA�withA�the future for this situation.
Mr.A�TanakaA�can say a??a��a?�a?�a?�a��a??a??a??a?�a?�i?Y are you coming toA�JapanA�today?
then mike can answer a??a?�a�?a?�a?�a��a??a?�a??a??a?�, yes,A�I’mA�coming toA�JapanA�today

A�Past tenseA�| e??a??a??a?�a?�???a??a?�

a?�a?�?�?a??i?�???17?�?a?�c?�?�??�?
Now, mike is already inA�Japan
the past tense of the verb a?�a??a??a?�a�?a??a??a?�
A�is a?�a??a??a?�a?Ya�?a??a??a?�a?Y
so mike could say to hisA�JapaneseA�friends inA�Japan,
a?�a?�a��a??a??a??a?�a?Y
andA�Mike’sA�friend, Nancy is in the US. if she says Mike went to Japan, inA�Japanese,
a?za��a�?a?�a��a??a�??�???�a??a?�a??a??a?�a?Ya��

a?�a�Sa??a?� which means go home.

In thisA�picture,A�this person is currently in Shibuya,
his home is in Shinjuku
so when he wants to say to his friend that he is going home.
he would say
a?�a??a??a?�a??a�Sa??a?�

A�

Non-past(future) tense | Noun(place)a??a?�a�Sa??a?�

A�
Ita��s time to go back toA�the US for mike, who visited Japan from the us
A�
i?�???i?�i?�?�?c?�?�??�?a�?
First, non-pastA�tense future.
in this picture, Mike is saying that I’m going back to the US tomorrow to hisA�JapaneseA�friends in Japan.
so he can say
a?�a?�a?Ya�?a�?a??a??a��a??a?�a�Sa??a?�a��
because his home is in the US.

Non-past(present) tense | Noun(place)a??a?�a�Sa??a?�

i?�???16?�??�??�??�?a�?A�WednesdayA�may 16th
Today mike is going back to the US.
So he would say, a??a��a?�a�?a�?a??a??a��a??a?�a�Sa??a?�a�� today,A�IA�go back to the US.
This is the present tense so we can use the same verb form with future a?�a??a�Sa??a?�

Past tense | Noun(place)a??a?�a�Sa??a?�

ThursdayA�may 17th, i?�???i?�i?�?�?a?�????�??�?
Mike is already in the US.
so his friend, Mr.A�TanakaA�in Japan, can say, a?za��a�?a?�a��a??a�?a??a??a��a??a?�a�Sa??a?�a?Ya��Mike went back to the US

Today we learned, nouna??e??a??a??a?�a�????a??a?�a�?a?�a�Sa??a?�a��
WhenA�you use the particle a??, which indicates the goal ofA�the movement, it can be replaced with the particle a?�
a?�e??a?�a?�a??a??a?�A� Ia��m going to Kyoto
a?�a?�a��a?�a??a??a?�a?Y IA�came to JapanA�
a?�a??a?�a?�a??a�Sa??a?� A�Ia��m going home

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Lesson 48:

Japanese Grammar Pariticle Lesson

Today’s particles: hea?? moa�� nia?�

The particle hea?? is pronounced ea??

Noun(place) hea?? ikimasu kimasu kaerimasu
a?�a??a??a?� a??a??a?� a?�a??a�Sa??a?�
e??a??a??a?� ???a??a?� a?�a�Sa??a?�

Interrogative/Question Word + moa�� + Negative form of the verb
a?�a?�a�� nowhere
a??a?�a�� nothing
a?�a�?a�� no one

Particle nia?� can be replaced with hea??

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